Education

A brief description about Pedagogical Analysis and different steps of it

“Pedagogy is re-emerging in educational circles as a term for educational science and also it is defined as the study of classroom methodology and teaching techniques” – rightly said by Ellington and Harris.

Before knowing the pedagogical analysis, we should have a clear idea about the pedagogy. Well, it is defined as the process of teaching and the application of the principles of learning to develop the educational goals and strategies for the learners. So, in simple words the term ‘pedagogy’ means the ‘art/science of teaching’. And the word ‘analysis’ means ‘breaking a thing into its constituent parts. Thus, the pedagogical analysis accumulated means the analysis of the science of teaching strategies. We learned about this concept from Edgar Stones, a British educationist. Nowadays, pedagogy and pedagogical analysis are the important part and parcel of the Teachers’ Training programme. The knowledge of the subject or the content is not always enough to teach the students. So, the pedagogy, accompanied by the content knowledge is suitable for the purpose of teaching the students so that they can bring the desirable change in their lives. Such content is now known as Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK).

Now let’s talk about the few steps of preparing a pedagogical analysis of a particular content –

Step one is diving the unit into different subunits with number of periods

In this step, the content of the unit is divided into appropriate sub-units. The number of periods required to cover the entire portion is also mentioned for each sub-unit.

Step two is the consideration of the previous knowledge 

This is an important step where the previous knowledge about the selected content is examined according to the different sub units.

Step three is the selection of the instructional objectives

The third step is basically the selection of the instructional objectives for each sub-unit.

Step four is the explanation of the sub-unit wise concepts

In this step a brief essence of the content of the selected portion is expressed properly.

Step five is the teaching-learning strategies

In this step, appropriate teaching-learning strategies should be selected based on the components like the concept of sub-unit, teaching method, role of a teacher and the use of teaching aids. The possible questions and their answers are also given in this step.

The last step is the preparation of the blueprint for criterion-referenced test items

Finally, a table should be prepared for each sub-unit and the six criterion-referenced test items should be mentioned on it.

This is how a student should be taught for better understanding.     

Sohini

Sohini is a journalism and mass communication enthusiast from Kolkata with an extreme interest in creative writing. Focused on entertainment, health and lifestyle, her stories could make your net surfing much more interesting.
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