Do you know what mould allergy is? Symptoms and tips to prevent it

Mould or fungi spread in dry, windy weather. Scroll down on how to avoid its allergy.

Are you aware that spores of moulds or other fungi are everywhere? And upsetting a mould source can spread those spores in the air. The mould or fungi then spread in dry, windy weather apart from when humidity is high. Sadly, it causes allergic symptoms in some people. Since they grow in many places, both indoor and outdoor, they can spread year-round but especially from July to early fall. They can often be found in damp areas like the bathroom, kitchen and the garden.


Symptoms of mould allergy


Most common allergy symptoms include sneezing, itching, runny nose, congestion and dry, scaling skin. Spores of the mould can also get into your nose and cause hay fever symptoms. Not just that, they can reach the lungs and trigger asthma as well. It happens when the allergy cells release a chemical that can cause the symptoms, leading to nasal congestion or worsening asthma over time as well. Lastly, people should be cautious in order to avoid any serious illness like allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.


Certain foods, like mushrooms, dried fruit, or foods containing yeast, don’t cause symptoms but fermented foods (like wine), which have a substance known as histamine, can trigger allergy-like responses. 


How do doctors diagnose mould allergy?


In order to detect mould allergy, doctors do skin tests or allergen-specific IgE blood tests. 


How to prevent it?


To do the same, limit your exposure to mould spores by avoiding outdoor activities. Always wear a mask when cutting the grass, digging plants, picking leaves or when in contact with plant materials. Additionally, lower your indoor humidity and try and use a humidifier. 


Reduce mould in the bathroom by using an exhaust fan or open a window in the bathroom. Don’t keep bathroom carpeting in places where it could get wet. Always make sure to repair any plumbing leaks. Get rid of mould in the kitchen by changing garbage pails frequently and clean refrigerator door gaskets and drip pans. In the case of bedrooms, make usage of plastic covers on bedding made from foam. Get rid of old books, newspapers, clothing or bedding, thereby improving airflow through your bedroom.


Medications for mould allergy


Medications are often advised for nasal or other allergic symptoms. You might also be told to take allergy shots, which may help reduce symptoms.

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