Five Unsung Scientists Of India And Their Brilliant Innovations

Modern technology largely owes it to the unsung scientists of India. They silently pursued their groundbreaking scientific research in the dimly lit corners of their houses while the country was flustered by ongoing political turmoil.

India’s rich history is replete with examples of numerous great scientists who have brought immense pride to the country. Among them, there are women scientists too, who have made significant contributions to various scientific disciplines. Read on to gather more knowledge about five unsung scientists of India and their brilliant innovations.

Shankar Abaji Bhisey

When top British researchers contested Bhisey’s claim, he decided to set up his foundry to showcase his machine to the critics. As a result, Bhisey came up with nearly 200 inventions during his career, including a unique model for the telephone, kitchen appliances, and automatic toilet flushers. Bhisey later revolutionized printing through the invention of Bhisotype to constitute faster performance and more refined features.

Anandibai Gopalrao Joshi

Anandibai Joshi is the first Indian woman who graduated with a two-year degree in Western Medicine from the United States and is considered the first woman physician. The personal struggles of Joshi inspired her to become a physician. In addition, the death of her newborn son owing to the lack of proper medical facilities greatly encouraged her to study medicine abroad.

Gopalswamy Doraiswamy Naidu

Gopalswamy Doraiswamy Naidu is revered as the ‘Edison of India’ and is credited for bringing the Industrial Revolution to India. He is the creator of the first electric motor in India. At the same time, he is praised for his wondrous inventions like the ticket vending machine, the mechanical calculator, early electric razor, kerosene-run-fan, a projection TV, and fruit juice extractor.

Anna Mani

Anna Modayil Mani from Travancore was a distinguished physicist and meteorologist who startled the world with her wondrous inventions. Mani devised novel methods to gauge the weather⁠—by standardizing nearly 100 meteorological instruments—and established a series of stations to measure solar radiation. She is also known for pioneering the research to utilize wind and solar power as renewable sources of energy.

Narinder Singh Kapany

Narinder Singh Kapany is known as the ‘Father of Fibre Optics’. This Indian scientist is credited for his glorifying discovery of establishing communication through optical fibres, paving the way for medical marvels like endoscopic imaging, laser surgeries, and the internet.

These scientists were overlooked for decades, but there’s no denying that their inventions laid the pioneering stones upon which the scientific legacy of India has been built.


Satavisha hails from the city of joy, Kolkata. She took up writing as my profession amid the pandemic when the world was at a standstill. Here, she acquired a balance between her passion for writing and sharing various ideas and facts through her stories.
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