Published By: Ishita Vohra

Greatest Ancient Scientists Of India We Should Know About

One of the world's oldest civilizations, the ancient Indians were known for their pursuit of knowledge and scientific temper.

You might be surprised to learn that ancient India was the birthplace of a lot of modern science. Ancient Indians made a significant contribution to the development of science and mathematics during this period. Ayurveda is the native arrangement of medication that was created in the Old Period. As an allied branch of Ayurveda, even the science of yoga was developed. Ancient Indian scientists' contributions will be discussed in this article.

Let us to check out the best Indian researchers and their contribution for the world.


An ancient Indian physicist, astronomer, and mathematician named Aryabhata is credited with making the principal known Indian mathematical text, the Aryabhatiya.

His work in algebra, calculus, and trigonometry has earned him a reputation. He calculated the value of pi for the first time at 3.1416.

In the field of astronomy, Aryabhata made a few significant disclosures and commitments. He is credited with making the primary known Indian numerical model of the solar system, in which he accurately recommended that the Earth rotates on its axis and orbits the sun.


He made significant contributions to ecology, math, hydrology, and geology. He is well-known for his contributions to the study of planetary motion and eclipses, as well as his work on trigonometry.

Additionally, he suggested that sunlight is the reason why the Moon and planets shine.

He was the first scientist to suggest that a "force" might be keeping bodies stuck to the earth's circumference. Also, presently it is known as gravity.


Sushruta was an old Indian physician and surgeon specialist who is viewed as the father of plastic medical surgery. His extensive research on medical procedures, including the use of anesthesia, and the creation of the first medical textbook, the Sushruta Samhita, have earned him a reputation.

The Sushruta Samhita is a comprehensive medical textbook that contains Sushruta's work on medical procedures and treatments. Modern physicians continue to study and refer to this text, which is regarded as an essential source of information regarding ancient Indian medicine.


Charaka was an Indian physician who is viewed as the father of Ayurveda, the conventional Indian system of medication.

He is well-known for his contributions to the study of anatomy and physiology as well as his work on the fundamentals of health and disease.

He is credited with coming up with the idea of the three doshas, which are the three fundamental energies that are thought to control how the body works. Each of these Doshas—Vata, Pitta, and Kapha—is associated with distinct bodily characteristics and functions.

Charaka is well-known for his contributions to the study of anatomy and physiology in addition to his work on Ayurveda.

He is credited with making numerous significant observations about the structure and function of the human body and is believed to have been the first person to describe the circulatory system and the concept of the pulse.


The ancient Indian linguist and grammarian Panini is regarded as the founder of linguistics. He is well-known for his work on the Sanskrit language, including the Ashtadhyayi, the language's first known grammar.

The study of Sanskrit by Panini also had significant repercussions for linguistics as a whole. He fostered various ideas that are as yet utilized in the current phonetic hypothesis, including the possibility of generative punctuation and the idea of the phoneme, which is the littlest unit of sound in a language.

However, his work on the Sanskrit language, Panini is likewise known for his commitment to the investigation of semantics all the more comprehensively.