Published By: Ishani Karmakar

How Income Tax Is Levied On Your Stock Market Transaction

It may be challenging to decipher the various rules and regulations of countries throughout the world due to the abundance of technical jargon that is often included in them.

Because of the frequency with which laws are revised, it can be challenging to maintain an always-current level of legal literacy. Because of this, we have compiled a summary and explanation of the essential income tax rules pertaining to stock market transactions that every Indian citizen should be aware of.

Tax regulations for the stock market depend on the nature of the income reported. Both long-term as well as short-term capital gains can be a source of income.

Short-Term Capital Gains

Profits that you get from selling an asset you have owned for less than twelve months are known as short-term capital gains. The tax rate that applies to this sort of capital gain is 15%. If you happen to have a short-term capital loss, you can deduct it against future short-term capital gains you make during the next eight years.

Long-Term Capital Gains

Earnings from the sale of an investment that has been held for more than a year are known as long-term capital gains. It comes with a 10% tax on earnings. In the same way that short-term capital losses can be carried forward for up to eight years, a person can do the same with long-term capital losses. Any profits made from selling an asset quickly can be used to offset this loss.

Truthfulness is a must for submitting tax returns. It's crucial to document all of a person's earnings. Depending on your investments, you'll need to fill out one of two primary forms. Both of these variations are important to keep in mind because of the roles they play.

Income Tax Return- Form 2

If an investor's cash balance exceeds a certain designated amount, he or she must file Form ITR-2, Individual Income Tax Return. The aforementioned classification of capital gains into short-term and long-term subcategories applies to investments in the cash segment as well.

Form 3: Income Tax Return

A taxpayer in India who has income from a derivative source must file what is known as an Income Tax Return (ITR-3) with the government. Intraday traders who are willing to take risks are included here. Due to its greater potential for integrated adjustment, this form is seen as more 'perfect' than the ITR-2 form. A taxpayer in India can change their paid-up capital for trading purposes by submitting this form. Money utilized for trade reasons includes rent, energy bills, and other utility payments.

Tax on Dividend Payments

Companies that pay dividends to their shareholders were subject to a dividend distribution tax until the implementation of Budget 2020. Companies are required to report their distributable earnings by March 31, 2020, under this law. The tax rates you're responsible for now are determined by the tax bracket you're now in. After losses are taken into account, your dividend income will determine your tax bracket. Your dividend payout will increase your annual salary.

The Securities Transaction Tax

Income tax legislation was updated in 2004 to include the securities transaction tax. It was set up with the intention of discouraging corporate or individual tax avoidance in India. This tax rate is straightforward to grasp and calculate. Each and every stock market transaction incurs this fee. After each purchase or sale of a security, this fee must be paid. Derivatives, stocks, and equity mutual funds are all examples of securities.