Published By: Ishani Karmakar

How To Get Rid Of Bed Bugs – A Complete 7-Step Guide

Bugs in your bed? Even the mere mention of these tiny, blood-sucking pests can send shivers down anyone's spine.

Bed bugs have been troubling humankind for centuries, causing itchiness, sleepless nights, and a lot of stress. Fortunately, with the right information and a systematic approach, you can reclaim your peaceful slumber. Here's a complete 7-step guide to help you get rid of bed bugs for good.

Understand Your Enemy – Identifying Bed Bugs

Appearance: Adult bed bugs are small, reddish-brown, oval-shaped insects about the size of an apple seed. Younger ones (nymphs) are translucent and become redder as they feed.

Habitat: They prefer dark, secluded places. Check seams of mattresses, bed frames, cracks in furniture, and even behind wallpapers.

Signs: Besides seeing them, you might find rusty-coloured blood spots, molted skins, or tiny black spots on your bed sheets.

Start with Prevention – Keep Bed Bugs at Bay

Travel Smart: Bed bugs can hitch a ride on luggage. Use hard-shelled suitcases and inspect hotel rooms before settling in.

Second-hand Items: Always check used furniture or clothing for bugs or their signs.

Home Maintenance: Seal cracks in walls, floors, and furniture. This deprives them of hiding spots.

Declutter and Clean – Take Away Their Home

Remove Excess: Bed bugs love clutter. It provides them with ample hiding spots. Start by decluttering areas around your bed.

Wash and Dry: High heat can kill bed bugs. Wash bed linens, curtains, and clothing in hot water, then dry them on the highest dryer setting.

Vacuum Relentlessly: Vacuum your bed, around it, and any area where you've seen signs. Ensure you dispose of the vacuumed contents in a sealed bag outside your home.

Employ Heat Treatment – Turn Up the Temperature

Professional Heat Treatment: Professionals can raise the temperature in your home to a level lethal for bed bugs.

Steam Clean: A high-temperature steam cleaner can penetrate deep into mattresses and furniture, killing bugs and their eggs.

Portable Heaters: There are portable bed bug heaters available that can treat infested items.

Use Insecticides – Show Them No Mercy

Safety First: Always use pesticides that are registered and labelled for bed bugs. Ensure you follow instructions meticulously.


Pyrethroids and Pyrethrins: Common chemicals in many bug sprays.

Desiccants: These dry out bed bugs, causing them to die. Examples include diatomaceous earth and boric acid.

Biochemicals: Cold pressed neem oil is a natural pesticide that disrupts bed bug hormone systems.

Note: Insecticide resistance is common among bed bugs, so you might need a combination or rotation of different products.

Invest in Protective Measures: Safeguard Your Sleep

Mattress and Box Spring Encasements: These trap bed bugs inside, eventually causing them to die from starvation, and also prevent new ones from infesting your bed.

Interceptor Devices: Placed under bed legs, these devices trap bed bugs, preventing them from climbing up onto your bed.

Barrier Tapes: Sticky tapes can be applied around the bed to trap bed bugs attempting to crawl up.

Monitor and Repeat – Vigilance is Key

Regular Inspection: Even after you think you’ve eradicated the problem, regular checks ensure they don’t return.

Stay Informed: Bed bug strains evolve, and so do methods to combat them. Stay updated with the latest information and advice.

Seek Professional Help: If you're overwhelmed or the infestation seems uncontrollable, don't hesitate to call in the experts.

Bed bugs are more than just a nuisance; they're a test of patience and perseverance. While getting rid of them might seem daunting, remember that with the right steps, tools, and mindset, you can reclaim your home. Sleep tight, and don't let the bed bugs bite!