Know about the history & architecture of Charminar, Hyderabad
Charminar – Arc de Triomphe of the East – is undoubtedly the most iconic landmark in the city of Hyderabad.
The structure has a long history of more than 400 years. Also, it boasts stunning architecture that leaves all visitors in awe.
As they say, a trip to Hyderabad is never complete if you don’t visit the magnificent Charminar – which is located on the east bank of the Musi river, right in the heart of the city. Also, it has the vibrant Laad Bazaar to its west and the sacred Makkah Masjid to the south-west. The square-shaped structure, as its name suggests, has four minarets on every corner, that are believed to symbolize Islam’s first four Khalifas. The mosque is on the top floor, and it requires a climb of 149 steps to get there. It’s now officially recognized as the Emblem of Telangana. On the other hand, it’s listed as an archaeological and architectural treasure on the Archaeological Survey of India’s “List of Monuments”.
The surrounding area remains crowded throughout the year. Also, it hosts several festival celebrations such as Eid-ul-Adha, Eid al-Fitr, and more.
History of Charminar
Charminar was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah (the fifth ruler of the Qutb Shahi dynasty) in 1591. As per records, he built the structure after moving his capital from Golconda to Hyderabad city. Now, there are a number of theories regarding the reason behind Charminar’s construction. The most popular one states that the Sultan shifted his capital as the epidemic of plague was widely spread and had killed thousands of residents of his city. He pledged to the almighty that he would construct a mosque if the epidemic came to an end. Therefore, following the eradication of the plague, he built the Charminar as a tribute to the almighty. Another theory states that the Sultan built this structure to immortalize his eternal love for his wife Baghmati. On the other hand, a French traveler from the 17th century, namely Jean de Thévenot, stated that the Charminar was built to commemorate the beginning of the second Islamic millennium year.
Architecture of Charminar
Made of granite, marble, mortar, and limestone – Charminar is a superb example of Indo-Islamic architecture, with influence from the Persian style. The entire structure is perfectly square-shaped, with each side being 20 meters long. There are four grand arches on the four sides, each faces a fundamental point that opens onto the street. Also, each corner boasts a brilliantly carved minaret – that is four-storied, 56m tall, and has a double balcony. It weighs approximately 14,000 tonnes and features stucco decorations, lavish balustrades, and massive balconies. The open roof is also amazing, as it offers a splendid view of Hyderabad city.
It wouldn’t be wrong in saying that the Charminar to Hyderabad is what Taj Mahal is to Agra. The structure is surely an architectural wonder that leaves all visitors spellbound with its extraordinary grandeur.