Popular traditional jewellery styles and their origins in India

The beauty of Indian jewellery lies in its age-old traditions and workmanship.

Indian jewellery is known for its traditional and aesthetic value, and people across the globe appreciate it for its intricate details. In earlier times, while royals adorned jewels made of gold, silver and platinum, the common people wore copper, alpaca, iron and aluminium. However, in current times, people are fond of vintage jewellery which is a combination of metals while maintaining its traditional value.

As we talk about jewellery, we list down popular traditional jewellery styles and their origins in India:

Kundankari

Kundankari is one of the most famous jewellery styles in India. Originated in the royal courts of Gujarat and Rajasthan in the early 19th century, Kundan jewellery is hard to miss, and its necklaces, earrings, wristlets and anklets are in style even today. Usually set in diamonds, rubies, sapphires and other gemstones, this form of jewellery is often adorned with Meenakari work as well.

Meenakari

Originally from Bikaner in Rajasthan, this form of jewellery is also famous in Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh), Hyderabad (Andhra Pradesh) and Kolkata. Meenakari is not only exquisite but is popular amongst the masses too. It is made by setting the jewels on lac sticks, and then the designs are etched on it. Following that, coloured enamel dust is poured onto it until the dust liquefies. Finally, the design is set silver or gold for the final finish.

Pachchikam

Pachchikam finds its origin in Kutch and Gujarat. It uses silver as a base metal and is set with kundan and polki work. The making of Pachchikam jewellery is time-consuming as it takes a lot of effort. In this case, silver along with uncut glass and semi-precious stones is commonly liked by young fashionistas. While usage of malleable silver makes the jewellery look like platinum, it looks flamboyant but is highly cost-effective.

Navratna

As the name suggests, navratna jewellery is made using nine auspicious stones, including pearl, ruby, emerald, diamond, blue sapphire and others. In India, navratna jewellery is given huge importance because of its astrological significance.

Lac

Also known as lacquer jewellery, it has originated in Rajasthan and is quite popular in India. Lac bangles are well liked by the women due to their colourful and intricate designs. Now Lac has found its place in necklaces, bracelets, rings, and even earrings.

Have you tried these forms of jewellery?

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