Published By: Rinks

The Main Characteristics Of A Communist System

The ultimate objective of communism is the creation of a communist community, in which the production tools are owned collectively and where there is no need for formal institutions like money or the state.

The term "communism" is used to describe a broad set of political and social beliefs. The contemporary use of the phrase may be traced back to Victor d'Hupay, a French aristocrat from the 18th century who campaigned for communal life in which "everyone may profit from everybody's effort" and all property was owned by the community as a whole. Once Karl Marx (died March 14, 1883) released The Communist Manifesto around 1848, it became more well-known. According to the Communist Manifesto, the French Revolution was a watershed moment in history because it marked the triumph of the merchant class over the feudal nobility and the beginning of the modern, capitalist age. In most cases, communism is differentiated from socialism.

By the 1860s, the term socialism had established itself as the standard, replacing a range of labels including associationist, cooperative, and mutualist. Yet, communism gradually lost favor throughout this time. Communists sought to socialize all aspects of production and consumption, whereas socialists initially just targeted production. In contrast, by 1888, communism had become an antiquated synonym for socialism, therefore Marxists began using socialism instead. As conventional Marxists criticized the Bolshevik takeover of power because Russia lacked the necessary productive forces for a socialist revolution, Vladimir Lenin created the concept of socialism as a separate stage beyond capitalism and communism in 1917.

The after Russian Social-Democratic Labour Party changed its name to the All-Russian Communist Party in 1918, the term "communist" came to mean socialists who endorsed the politics but also theories of Bolshevism, Leninism, and later Marxism-Leninism, even though communist parties decided to continue to describe themselves as socialists committed to socialism.

To what end does communism aim to transform society?

The ultimate objective of communism, according to communist authors and philosophers, is to establish a society without nations or social classes. Many communist theorists believe this is possible if workers seize authority over the equipment of production from the bourgeoisie. Can you name the nations where communism is the ruling ideology? The following countries now have or formerly had communist governments:

  • Communist China and Soviet Russia
  • the DPRK
  • Cuba
Comparing Communism with Socialism, what are the key differences?

The primary distinction is that communism places the state in charge of the economy and the majority of the means of production. Economic resources under socialism are distributed among all citizens by a government's democratic mandate.