*Brainiacs who crunched numbers but didn’t get the fame they deserved!*

When we think of math, we often remember famous names like Pythagoras or Newton. But there are many other mathematicians who’ve made huge impacts without the same level of fame. Their work has shaped everything from calculus to computer science. This piece shines a light on these lesser-known pioneers who’ve quietly changed the way we see math.

Srinivasa Ramanujan, born in India in 1887, was a brilliant mathematician who taught himself and made important discoveries in number theory. Despite being initially ignored in India, he gained recognition through British mathematician G.H. Hardy. Even though his career was cut short by illness, his influential work still impacts math today.

Muhammad al-Khwarizmi, born in Persia around 780 AD, is considered the father of algebra. His book, “The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing,” introduced systematic methods for solving equations and was key in developing algebra. He also advanced the use of Hindu and Arabic numerals in Europe, influencing arithmetic. His name gave rise to "algorithm," vital for computer science. Despite his major contributions, he's less recognised outside academia.

Nikolai Lobachevsky, born in 1792, pioneered non-Euclidean geometry, breaking away from traditional Euclidean ideas. His revolutionary concept that parallel lines can diverge was initially met with scepticism but eventually paved the way for significant advances in geometry and relativity, notably influencing Einstein’s General Theory of Relativity. Despite his groundbreaking work, Lobachevsky’s contributions remain less known, partly due to the early rejection of his theories.

Maryam Mirzakhani, born in 1977, made history as the first woman to win the Fields Medal in 2014. Her groundbreaking work in hyperbolic geometry, Teichmüller theory, and ergodic theory transformed the study of Riemann surfaces. Although she gained recognition in her field, Mirzakhani remains less known to the public, partly due to her recent rise in the mathematical community and her early death at 40. Her contributions continue to shape modern mathematics.

John Horton Conway, born in 1937, was a British mathematician renowned for his work in group theory, number theory, and combinatorial game theory. He is best known for creating the "Game of Life," a cellular automaton that models complex systems. Conway also contributed to the classification of finite simple groups and the theory of surreal numbers. Though his work has had a wide impact, Conway is less celebrated than some contemporaries, possibly due to the abstract and playful nature of his mathematics.

Emmy Noether, born in 1882, was a trailblazing mathematician who revolutionised abstract algebra and theoretical physics. Her famous Noether’s Theorem links symmetries to conservation laws in physics, shaping our understanding of everything from algebra to quantum mechanics. Although she might not be a widely recognised name, her impact on mathematics and physics is deep and enduring.

Henri Poincaré, born in 1854 in France, was a pioneering mathematician whose work spanned multiple fields like topology, celestial mechanics, and dynamical systems. He laid the foundations for chaos theory and significantly influenced both mathematics and theoretical physics. Despite his broad impact, Poincaré is less well-known outside math circles, often overshadowed by others like Albert Einstein, whom he inspired. His broad and deep contributions make him a key figure in math’s history.

**German mathematician Felix Klein, Irish mathematician William Rowan Hamilton, German mathematician Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, and French mathematician Évariste Galois are also brilliant minds who should get more recognition. Their groundbreaking work has profoundly influenced mathematics, even if they don’t always get the fame they deserve.**