Published By: Nirtika Pandita

Brushing up English Grammar skills by understanding the eight parts of speech

Knowing the basics the easy way makes it easier to speak the language.

Understanding the grammar of the English language is a bit difficult and tricky. There are multiple branches to one scenario of a grammar topic. When it comes to Speech, in English grammar there are eight parts that define the beginning, the making of sentences, and the summary. The eight parts of speech are categories that have similar grammatical functionality to play in a sentence. So here is solidifying the knowledge of Eight Parts of Speech.


A word that is a name, place, concept, or object. These are words that are used to talk about people, places, things, or ideas. Simply put, nouns are basically any word that represents a thing. Be it a country, a person, or a playground. There are two categories of nouns: common nouns and proper nouns. While common nouns are names for things, like planet and country, proper nouns are specific names for individual things. Example: Person: The President; Place: London; and Thing: Table


These are words that are used as substitutes for specific nouns. These are words that are used to describe a noun without having to use it multiple times in a sentence. These are the different types of pronouns:

Personal: I; you; they; she

Possessive: mine; yours; his; theirs

Relative: who; which; that; whom

Demonstrative: this; these; those

Reciprocal: one another; each other

Emphatic/Reflexive: myself; herself; itself; ourselves

Interrogative: what; which; whom; whose


These are words that describe nouns. Basically, words that enhance the value and describe the noun are adjectives. Example: The excited child; and Their house is bigger


These are words that describe a specific action such as running. They are used to express a physical or mental action, for example thinking, feeling, and wanting. Examples: She spoke slowly; I am thinking about it, and She is a policewoman


These are words that describe and modify an adjective, a verb, or another adverb. Examples: I entered the room quietly, and A cheetah is always faster than a lion.


This establishes the relationship between two words or phrases in a sentence. They precede a noun or pronoun. Example: I left my bike leaning against the garage; She put the pizza in the oven, and The book is on the table


These are words that build complex sentences expressing multiple ideas.  Example: and; or; but; so; yet; for; nor; neither/nor; either/or; not only/but also; although; because; while; which; where; until.


These are words used to convey strong emotions or feelings. Examples: oh, wow, alas, oops, and yippee.